A New Latin Dictionary by Charlton T. Lewis Ph.D. and Charles Short, LL. D.

A New Latin Dictionary
by Charlton T. Lewis Ph.D. and Charles Short, LL. D.

The translation of Dr. Freund's great Latin-German Lexicon, edited by the late E. A. Andrews, LL.D., and published in 1850, has been from that time in extensive use throughout England and America, It has had for competitors, indeed, in the schools and colleges of both countries, only works which are substantially reprints or abridgments of itself. As it has thus been the standard book of reference of its kind for a generation of scholars, its merits need no description here.

Meanwhile, great advances have been made in the sciences on which lexicography depends. Minute research in manuscript authorities has largely restored the texts of the classical writers, and even their orthography. Philology has traced the growth and history of thousands of words, and revealed meanings and shades of meaning which were long unknown. Syntax has been subjected to a profounder analysis. The history of ancient nations, the private life of their citizens, the thoughts and beliefs of their writers, have been closely scrutinized in the light of accumulating information. Thus the student of today may justly demand of his lexicon far more than the scholarship of thirty years ago could furnish. The present work is the result of a series of earnest efforts by the Publishers to meet this demand.

It was seen fifteen years ago that at least a very thorough revision of the Lexicon was needed. It was therefore submitted to the author of the original work, Dr. William Freund, who carefully revised it, rewrote a few of the less satisfactory articles, corrected errors, and supplied about two thousand additions, mainly in the early pages. The sheets were then placed in the hands of Professor Henry Drisler, LL.D., to be edited; but that eminent scholar soon advised us that a reconstruction of the work was desirable, such as he could not command leisure to make. They were afterwards delivered to the present editors to be used freely, and in combination with all other appropriate sources, in compiling a Latin Lexicon which should meet the ad- advanced requirements of the times. The results of their unremitting labors for several years are now given to the public.

The first 216 pages (words beginning with A) are the work of Professor Charles Short, LL.D., of Columbia College. The remainder of the book, from page 217 to page 2019 inclusive, is the work of Mr. Charlton T. Lewis. While each editor is alone and wholly responsible for the pages which he has prepared, Mr. Lewis requests us to acknowledge the indebtedness of the book to contributions from other scholars, incorporated by him with his own collections. It is proper to refer, in particular, to the valuable services of Gustavus Fischer, LL.D., of New Brunswick, whose learning and research have given to many articles a fulness and thoroughness hardly attempted before in a Latin Lexicon (see, for example, the words contra. 2. cum, sic, sinto, solvo, suus, turn, tunc, volo, and others); and of Professor George M. Lane, Ph.D., of Harvard College, who has kindly examined a large part of the book in proof, and has freely communicated, in his suggestions and corrections, the ripe fruits of his scholarship. Every effort has been made to avoid errors of the press; and, through the patient skill of the proofreader, Mr. George W. Collord, exceptional accuracy in this respect has, we believe, been attained.


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